About you, your 4x4 and access

Advocating access to public lands carries a responsibility to be part of the solution for managing the public lands.  As a strong proponent for participation to make a difference, I am a full time advocate for recreation and the Managing Editor of the OutdoorWire family websites. 

4x4Wire.com is dedicated to four wheel drive recreation...

Advocating access to public lands carries a responsibility to be part of the solution for managing the public lands.  As a strong proponent for participation to make a difference, I am a full time advocate for recreation and the Managing Editor of the OutdoorWire family websites. 

4x4Wire.com is dedicated to four wheel drive recreation featuring technical articles and information to promote, protect, and provide outdoor recreation opportunities.  4x4Voice.com focuses on California issues. MUIRNet.net is focused on environmental, administrative and legislative news and information. OutdoorWire.com is Access and Landuse Central with an overall index to the contents of the family of websites. 


Welcome to the new 4x4Wire!

Creating an account is simple and quick, and will enable you to create articles.

We are making all articles submitted within the portal system freely available and redistributable to other sites, as long as they adhere to the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license. After all, those of you who create articles are simply trying to help you fellow 'wheelers, and there is no reason content should be locked up.

We've gone through a great deal of configuration, some considerable testing, and no doubt we'll be tweaking things. One of our immediate goals is to introduce a photo gallery system where each of you can manage your own gallery.

If you see anything out of whack, please let us know. Also, if you have any feedback or constructive criticism, be sure to let us know.

We hope you enjoy the new 4x4Wire.com!

  18401 Hits

Caution issued about orphaned wildlife

May 6, 2008

Animals taken from the wild rarely survive hand raising or release back to the wild

COLUMBUS, OH - The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) Division of Wildlife has some strong advice for well-meaning people who seek to rescue wild animals that appear to be orphaned: Leave them alone!

Every year, wildlife officers, biologists and licensed rehabilitators attempt to educate local residents about the hazards of handling wild animals. Despite their cute, and sometimes helpless appearance, wild animals are capable of biting, scratching and transmitting diseases to humans and domestic animals.

Many people believe that they are doing the right thing by rescuing a young wild animal and think that hand raising is a good alternative to being raised in the wild. This could not be further from the truth as a hand-raised wild animal, even under expert care, has little chance of long-term survival once released to the wild.

State and federal laws protect and regulate all wildlife species in Ohio and only individuals who obtain a special permit from the Division of Wildlife may possess a native wild animal. Because of the difficulties in providing the proper care and diet for wild animals, only specially trained and licensed wildlife rehabilitators are authorized to take them in from the wild when they are found to be truly orphaned or injured.

Each year, wildlife officers issue summons to individuals who have taken wildlife, particularly fawns, out of the wild, even if their intent was to help the animal. When a wildlife official receives a call regarding a fawn, the first thing they do is advise the person to take the animal back to where they found it.

A doe will protect her young from predators by leaving it alone for long periods of time. The fawn may be hidden in a hay field, a grassy meadow, the edge of a homeowner's lawn, or even in a flowerbed. Regardless of where she left the fawn, the doe will stay away until after dark then return to nurse it. If the doe is nowhere in sight, some people mistakenly believe the fawn is abandoned and try to help it by taking it out of the wild.

Wild animals have a better chance of survival if left alone in the wild. Studies have shown that more than half of the fawns that are brought in by well-meaning people do not survive rehabilitation and most of the remaining animals die shortly after reentry to the wild. Additionally, handling stresses the animal, and excessive handling can make the animal defensive or can ultimately contribute to its death.

A common belief is that once young wildlife has been touched or handled by humans the mother will no longer have anything to do with it. This is not so, while wildlife officials discourage people from handling wild animals, there are rare occasions when it may be necessary. If a nestling bird has fallen out of a tree, or your child has plucked a young rabbit from its nest, pick it up and put it back in the nest immediately. Do not attempt to hand raise it.

Wild animals can carry parasites or diseases harmful to humans and pets, including distemper, roundworms and rabies. The risk of disease is another good reason to leave wildlife in the wild.

Along with the warning to leave young and injured wildlife alone, the Division of Wildlife offers the following advice:
Think before you act. Check for nests before cutting down trees or clearing brush. It is best to cut trees and clear brush in the autumn when nesting season is over.
Use common sense. If you disturb a nest, replace the animals and the nest material to the original location or as close as possible. If you find a fawn, leave it where you find it. The doe has likely hidden it there and will be returning to feed it, usually after dark.
Keep pets under control so they do not raid nests and injure wild animals. Keep pets vaccinated against parasites and diseases.
Educate children to respect wildlife and their habitat. Emphasize to your children not to catch, handle, or harass wild animals. Practice what you preach!
Contact your local wildlife officer or wildlife district office before taking action. Trust and follow the advice of these trained professionals.

  8775 Hits

Toyo Introduces 41 New Car and Truck Tires

May 1, 2008

Forty-One New Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires Have Been Rolled Out by Toyo®

CYPRESS, CALIFORNIA – Toyo Tire U.S.A. Corp. announces it has rolled out forty-one new tires covering everything from economy to premium car drivers, performance car enthusiasts, to highway and hard core applications for light trucks.

Following its successes in drifting and SCCA® National Solo competition (autocross), Toyo’s Proxes® R1R™ will now have nine additional sizes appealing to the high performance purist. The D.O.T.-approved Toyo® Proxes® R888™ has six new sizes, supporting racers in both SPEED World Challenge® and club racing activities across the country. In fact, nearly all of Toyo’s Proxes® products will have new sizes available for a continuing growth in vehicle applications.

A new 275/25R28 Proxes® 4 niche size has been created exclusively for passenger cars (please see Toyo technical bulletin #0180331 at toyo.com/tiresafety), while a new 305/30R26 Proxes® S/T provides a 26-inch wheel fitment for light trucks and SUVs.

“Toyo continues to be the innovator with new applications and sizes for a broad variety of vehicles, whether cars or light trucks,” said Robert Waytashek, consumer products manager, Toyo Tire U.S.A. Corp. “We work hard to be responsive to the needs of both our dealers and the consumer, and strive to deliver a premium product true to our company’s reputation for quality.”

The new sizes are listed below by product and include an example of suggested vehicle applications.

For Passenger Cars

Proxes® 4:
An ultra-high performance radial with a W-shaped unidirectional tread design and Toyo’s “Generation S™” silica-reinforced, high grip tread compound for exceptional all-season traction and durability.

Three New Sizes
255/40ZR18 - (BMW M3 ’01-’06, OE rear; Audi A4 ’02-current, plus-size; Lexus SC430 ’02-current, plus-size; Mazdaspeed6 ’06-current, plus-size.)
255/30ZR22 – (BMW 750i & 750Li w/Sport pkg. ’07-current, front plus-size)
275/25ZR28 – (Specialty passenger cars such as Hi-Risers, Donks, Bubbles, Boxes and Rounds – see Toyo technical bulletin #0180331 at toyo.com/tiresafety.)

Proxes® T1R:
Toyo’s flagship ultra-high performance radial designed exclusively for high-end sport sedans and coupes. It delivers high-speed stability in both dry and wet conditions with low noise and ride comfort.

Four New Sizes
235/45ZR18 – (Mitsubishi Eclipse GT ’07-current, OE; Chevy Monte Carlo ’01-’07, plus-size; Infiniti G35 Sedan/Front on Coupe, plus-size; Jaguar S-Type Non-Sport/Non-supercharged ’00-current, plus-size; Lexus ES350 ’07-current, plus-size; Nissan Altima ’07-current, plus-size; Saturn Aura ’07-current, plus-size; Toyota Avalon ’07-current, plus-size; Toyota Camry ’07-current, plus-size.)
255/30ZR20 – (BMW 3 Series ’05-current, rear plus-size; BMW 5 Series ’04-current, rear plus-size; Ferrari 599 GTB ’06-current, front plus-size; Infiniti G35, rear plus-size; Mazda RX8, plus-size; Mercedes SL ’01-’07, front plus-size; Nissan 350Z, front plus-size.)
275/35R20 – (Audi A8L W12, OE; BMW 760Li ’03-current, plus-size.)
265/30ZR22 – (Bentley Continental ’03-current, rear plus-size; BMW 7 Series ’02-current, rear plus-size; Ford Mustang ’05-current, rear plus-size; Jaguar XK ’07-current, rear plus-size.)

Proxes® R1R™:
An extreme performance 140 UTQG treadwear tire ideal for aggressive street driving, the street touring category of SCCA® autocross and the street classes at time attacks. It is also an excellent choice for drifting, high performance driving schools and track days.

Nine New Sizes
195/55R15 – (Acura Integra GS-R up to ’00, OE; Honda Civic Si ’99-’00, OE.)
205/50R15 – (Acura Integra ’95-’01, plus-size; Honda Civic ’99-’00, plus-size; Mazda Miata ’98-’02, plus-size.)
205/55R16 – (Acura RSX, OE; BMW 3 Series ’00-current, OE; Honda S2000 ’01-’03, front OE; Porsche Boxter up to ’05, front OE.)
205/50R16 – (Mazda MX-5 ’06-current, OE.)
205/45R16 – (Mazda Miata ’01-’05, OE; Honda Fit ’07 OE.)
235/45R17 – (Audi A4, OE; Audi A3, plus-size; Dodge Neon SRT-4 ’03-’05, plus-size; Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution VIII/IX/RS/MR, OE.)
245/45ZR17 – (Audi A4 up to ’05, plus-size; Audi S4 ’00-’02, plus-size; Audi TT up to ’06, plus-size; Dodge Neon SRT-4 ’00-’05, plus-size.)
245/40ZR17 – (Audi TT ’99-’06, plus-size; BMW 3 Series ’99-’05, plus-size; BMW Z4 ’03-’07, plus-size; Subaru Impreza WRX/STi ’04-’07, plus-size.)
275/40ZR17 – (Chevy Camaro SS & Z28 up to ’02, OE; Ford Mustang Cobra SVT ’03-’04, OE; Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, OE.)

Proxes® R888™:
An R-compound, D.O.T.-approved competition radial that is ideal for road racing, track days and high-performance driving schools.

Six New Sizes for Racing Applications:
205/55R14, 225/50R14, 195/50R15, 195/55R15, 255/50R16, 245/45ZR16.

Toyo Spectrum®:
An economical, all-season, steel-belted radial that delivers long tread life and resists aquaplaning. It offers a smooth, quiet ride and is one of Toyo’s best buys.

Two New Sizes
P225/55R16 – (Ford Mustang ’02-’04, OE.)
P225/55R17 – (Buick LaCrosse CXS, OE; Chrysler 300M up to ’04, OE; Chrysler Concorde Limited up to ’04, OE.)

Versado™ LX: Toyo’s flagship non-directional, asymmetric all-season tire for the luxury car market features the company’s innovative Silent Wall™ design for a quiet and comfortable ride.

Three New Sizes
235/55R17 – (Buick Lucerne ’06-current, OE; Cadillac DTS ’00-current, OE.)
225/45R17 – (Lexus IS250/350 ’06-current, OE; VW New Beetle SE, OE; VW Jetta GLS 1.8T Wagon ’05, OE; VW Passat GLX wagon ’05-’06, OE.)
245/45R17 – (Audi A6 ’06-current, OE; Lexus IS250/350 ’06-current, rear OE; Mercedes E350 ’06-current, OE; Mercedes E500 ’03-current, OE; Volvo S80 V8 AWD ’07-current, OE.)

For Light Trucks and SUVs

Proxes® S/T:
An ultra-high performance sport truck and SUV radial that delivers superb dry handling and all-season performance. Its unidirectional design, coupled with its wide tread and low profile provides an eye-catching appearance.

Two New Sizes
285/40R22 – (BMW X5 ’00-current, plus-size; Chevy Colorado ’04-current, plus-size; GMC Acadia/Saturn Outlook ’07-current, plus-size; Mercedes G500 ’99-current, plus-size; Nissan Frontier/Pathfinder/Xterra ’05-current, plus-size; Toyota Tacoma ’05-current, plus-size.)
305/30R26 – (Full Size SUV, plus-size.)

Open Country® H/T:
An all-season highway tire for urban and highway use that delivers excellent all-around handling and stability in both dry and wet conditions. It delivers exceptional mileage along with a smooth, quiet operation throughout the wear range.

Two New Sizes
P245/55R19 – (Toyota Highlander, Toyo OE.)
P235/55R20 – (Nissan Murano, Toyo OE.)

Open Country® A/T:
An M & S rated all terrain dual-purpose tire for exceptional performance both on-and-off the road. Offerings include OE to flotation sizes for pickups and SUVs.

Six New Sizes
P255/70R18 – (Toyota Tundra ’07-’08, OE.)
P265/65R18 – (Cadillac Escalade ’02-current, plus-size & OE; Chevy Silverado 1500 ’07-current, plus-size; GMC Sierra 1500 ’07-current, plus-size; Hummer H3, OE.)
P275/55R20 – (Chevy Silverado 1500 4X4 ’07-current, OE; Ford F150 ’06-current, OE; Toyota Tundra ’07-current, OE.)
LT245/70R17 – (Dodge Ram 2500 4X4 ’03-current, OE.)
LT285/55R20 – (Ford F150/F250, plus-size; Chevy Silverado C1500/2500 & K1500/2500, plus-size.)
305/45R22 – (Chevy Tahoe ’03-current, plus-size; Ford Expedition ’05-current, plus-size; Lincoln Navigator ’00-current, plus-size.)
LT275/65R20 – (Ford F250 & F350 Super Duty ’06-’08, plus-size & OE.)

Open Country M/T®:
A mud terrain radial tire that features hook-shaped tread blocks, scalloped shoulder blocks and a high performance cap ply construction for excellent off road traction. A three-ply casing delivers superior handling both on and off-road while it is considered one of the quietest mud terrain tires on the market.

Three New Sizes
LT235/85R16 – (Dodge Ram 3500 ’00-’02, OE; Ford F250 Super Duty up to ’04, OE; Ford F350 Super Duty Dually up to ’04, OE.)
LT245/75R16 – (Full Size Trucks of various makes, OE.)
LT255/85R16 – (Full Size Trucks of various makes, plus-size.)

To learn more about the full line tires from Toyo, and to view the company’s newly updated “Tire Fitment Guide” with more than 21,000 vehicle fitments, log on to toyo.com.

Toyo® manufactures and distributes a complete line of replacement tires for high performance cars, luxury vehicles, light trucks and SUVs as well as tires for commercial trucks, buses and off-road and construction applications.

# # #

  13023 Hits

Toyota Exhaust Manifold Cracking - Important Updated Information


To the end of the LC Engineering 3RZ header review (http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/4Runner/reviews/lce_header/), add:

UPDATE 4/30/2008:

"Our part number for the 3RZ header has changed on that header. It is no longer PN 14-1731, it is now PN 1041054."

The corrected part number provided by:
Scott Kelly
Marketing Dept.
LC Engineering"


To the end of the LC Engineering turbo header review (http://www.4x4wire.com/toyota/reviews/turboheader/), please add:

UPDATE 4/30/2008:

"In response to this review and other customer feedback, we have re-designed this header several times since this review was first published, and we have eliminated the problems that were present in the early designs, like the poor welds and the wastegate location/design.

The current design and build quality of this header are much improved over the initial release. If you could update your site with that information that would be great."

Scott Kelly
Marketing Dept.
LC Engineering"

  20430 Hits

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  14661 Hits

OutdoorWire, 4x4Wire, JeepWire, TrailTalk, MUIRNet-News, and 4x4Voice are all trademarks and publications of OutdoorWire, Inc. and MUIRNet Consulting. Copyright (c) 1999-2020 OutdoorWire, Inc and MUIRNet Consulting - All Rights Reserved, no part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without express written permission. You may link freely to this site, but no further use is allowed without the express written permission of the owner of this material. All corporate trademarks are the property of their respective owners.