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General information about the various mods available to 4x4 vehicles covering pros and cons to assist in the decision of "Is this the right mod?"

John Stewart

Your Vehicle's Oxygen Sensor

Your Vehicle's Oxygen Sensor - the Watchdog of Harmful Emissions

BROADVIEW, Ill., April 21 /PRNewswire/ -- If you are concerned about your car's carbon footprint, it's important to know that your vehicle's O2 sensor (oxygen sensor) plays a key role in sounding the alarm if excessive harmful exhaust emissions are coming out the tailpipe.

"A properly functioning O2 sensor plays the role of a watchdog when it comes to monitoring your car's exhaust emissions, especially hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide," said Warren Suter, Director, Engine Management Systems for Bosch, which developed the automotive oxygen sensor in 1976. Bosch is the world's largest supplier of automotive parts and systems. www.boschautoparts.com.

The O2 sensor measures the oxygen in the exhaust and signals the engine's computer to adjust the air-fuel ratio to ensure that combustion is as complete as possible. This continuous process optimizes engine performance and fuel efficiency and reduces harmful emissions. A vehicle, depending on the make, model and year, can have between one and four O2 sensors at various locations in the exhaust stream.

If an O2 sensor is worn out and fails to assess the air-fuel ratio accurately, the engine's computer tries to accommodate the perceived variation and, in the process, may adjust the mixture to be too lean or too rich. The result? Harmful tailpipe emissions and possible damage to the catalytic converter and other engine components.

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John Stewart

Cheap Trick: Improved stopping power

My desire has been to retain my jeep as close as possible to stock to ensure that I can always find the necessary repair parts without excessive time delays.  My jeep in many respects is far from stock as it does sit on 35-inch tires.  With the shift to bigger tires, stopping ability was a noted downside.

Not ready for the expense of a Vanco brake up-grade, I opted to start with new brake pads by installing the ones used by racers: EBC Brakes.

The EBC brake pads are ceramic/kevlar fiber material and a direct replacement for the stock brake pads.  EBC provides brake pads that will fit a wide range of applications.  For my Wrangler, I opted for the Series 4000 (Yellow Stuff) pads as they are advertised as being the “...most grippy pad formulation”.  While designed for closed circuit racing, the pads can be used on highway.

After about 500 miles of use, I can say that stopping ability has been improved and the cost was reasonable.
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John Stewart

4x4Wire Tech Hint: "Check Engine" Light

"Check Engine" Light

Vehicles manufactured since 1974 began sporting a variety of engine and emission control systems.  As the engine control and monitoring systems became more complex, on-board diagnostic systems were developed to record fault codes and assist in problem diagnosis.

In general, all vehicles equipped with on-board diagnostic systems (OBD-II is the current standard) will store error codes that can be read using a portable code reader or scanner.  A "Check Engine" light comes on to indicate that the engine management computer has detected a problem related to emissions or engine operation.  It is your notice that something needs to be fixed in order to comply with federal emissions requirements or to keep your engine running.

Many of the trouble codes relate to engine or emission sensor inputs that have failed or are out of tolerance.  The sensors control the "engine management computer" and keep the engine running at optimum efficiency.  Failed or out of tolerance sensors mean your engine is not operating at optimum efficiency.

While it is easier to read the fault codes with a code reader/scanner, most vehicles provide an option to display the codes without a scanner.  

To view the error codes, start with the engine turned off (Ignition Key in the OFF position).  Turn the ignition key to the "ON" (not "IGNITION/START") position, then turn it off for about a second.  Turn it on for a second, then turn it off for a second.  The third time you turn it on, trouble codes should begin flashing on the odometer display.  (NOTE: this process works with newer Jeep vehicles.  It may or may not work with out models.)

Once the error codes are recorded, interpretation will indicate the likely source of the fault.

For a comprehensive listing of ODB-II error codes for all manufactures vehicles, check these websites:

http://www.obd-codes.com/
http://www.engine-light-help.com/
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John Stewart

With Summer Driving Increasing, Goodyear Has Key Tire Advice

AKRON, Ohio, May 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Although miles driven have been declining in the past year, the nation's most well-known automotive travel authority predicts a higher number of drivers during this Memorial Day holiday weekend.

And the best-known American tire company predicts that many of those travelers will simply jump into their vehicles and drive, unaware of the condition of the only part of their cars that comes in contact with the road - the tires.

Officials from The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company urge motorists to take a few minutes to inspect their tires, or to visit a local tire and service outlet for a check-up. This advice comes at the outset of the holiday weekend in which AAA (American Automobile Association) estimates that larger numbers of Americans - 32.4 million, versus 31.9 million a year ago - will travel 50 miles or more from home. This represents a 1.5 percent increase from last year.

AAA says 83 percent of those holiday travelers are expected to go by car, truck or van. With Memorial Day considered the beginning of the summer travel season, this rise in expected driving is accompanied by gas prices that are averaging about 28 cents per gallon more this week, as compared to average pump prices just a month ago.

According to Goodyear, an increase in the price of gas is even more incentive to check tire condition and air pressure before heading off on any vacation journeys.

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John Stewart

Driving tips for seniors and seniors

OSRAM SYLVANIA offers tips for seniors and seniors

HILLSBORO, N.H., May 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Spring and summer bring out the drivers. High school students hit the roads for prom, graduation, summer fun and summer jobs. Senior citizens get out more to see family, shop and enjoy the weather. Unfortunately, both high school seniors and senior citizens are at higher risk for dangerous traffic accidents.

Studies show that vision, hearing, and reaction time decline with age, while teen drivers tend to underestimate dangerous situations. Fortunately, there are tips to help seniors and seniors stay safe on the road.

Help improve safety and visibility by upgrading to high-performance headlights like SYLVANIA SilverStar(R) ULTRA headlights.

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OutdoorWire, 4x4Wire, JeepWire, TrailTalk, MUIRNet-News, and 4x4Voice are all trademarks and publications of OutdoorWire, Inc. and MUIRNet Consulting. Copyright (c) 1999-2019 OutdoorWire, Inc and MUIRNet Consulting - All Rights Reserved, no part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without express written permission. You may link freely to this site, but no further use is allowed without the express written permission of the owner of this material. All corporate trademarks are the property of their respective owners.